The Illinois Physical Therapy Practice Act, Section 1.2, states: "A physical therapist may provide physical therapy services to a patient with or without a referral from a health care professiona...

Some believe that the sacroiliac joint moves well and that excessive motion or asymmetrical positions can be responsible for pain; others feel that the sacroiliac joint is incapable of any movement at...

How common is sacroiliac joint pain? Does sacroiliac joint dysfunction even exist? Well, opinions vary. Some practitioners always look for and frequently treat it, others don't believe in it at al...

Research has shown that manual therapy and exercise are effective for patients with neck pain and headaches. However, not all patients presenting with neck pain or headaches are appropriate for manual...

Chronic or persistent pain is pain that lasts longer than normal tissue healing time, which is typically 3-6 months. Though the tissues have had time to heal sufficiently, chronic pain can still lead...

In rare cases, however, pain that seems to be of an orthopedic nature may have a different origin. Therefore, an orthopedic manual physical therapist must be vigilant to signs and symptoms ("red...

Spondylolisthesis is a displacement of one segment of the spine either forward or backward (retrolisthesis) in relation to the segment below it. There are several types of spondylolisthesis.

Many individuals who experience chronic or persistent pain, or have significant fear about MRI or X-ray findings, or feel great apprehension about performing specific movements or engaging in certain...

Many understand pain to work like this: “Pain fibers throughout the body send pain messages from an injured body part up to the brain so that a person will do something to eliminate the pain.” While...

A comprehensive summary of the scientific evidence behind the mechanisms of how orthopedic manual physical therapy works along with plain-language summaries interjected throughout.

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